Synthesis and Anti-HIV Activity of Guanidinoglycosides

Tracy J. Baker, Nathan W. Luedtke, Yitzhak Tor, and Murray Goodman

Abstract

The new guanidinylation reagent N,N'-diBoc-N''-triflylguanidine was used to efficiently convert multiamine-containing glycosides including kanamycin A and B, tobramycin, paromomycin, and neomycin B to the corresponding fully guanidinylated analogues (guanidinoglycosides). This transformation occurs in the presence of H2O under mild conditions. Guanidinotobramycin and guanidinoneomycin B were found to inhibit the replication of the HIV virus with activities approximately 100 times greater than the parent aminoglycosides.

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